Pakistan,[c] formally the Muslim Republic of Asian country,[d] could be a country in South Asia. it’s the world’s fifth-most inhabited country, with a population of virtually 227 million, and has the world’s second-largest Muslim population.
The Asian country is the 33rd-largest country by space, spanning 881,913 sq. kilometers (340,509 sq. miles). It has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) outline on the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Muscat and Oman within the south, and is featheredged by Asian country to the east, Asian nation to the west, the Islamic Republic of Iran to the southwest, and China to the northeast. it’s separated narrowly from Tadzhik by Afghanistan’s Wakhan passageway within the north, and conjointly shares a maritime border with Muscat and Oman.
Pakistan is the website of many ancient cultures, as well as the eight,500-year-old Neolithic website of Mehrgarh in Balochistan, and also the Indus natural depression Civilisation of the Bronze Age, the foremost intensive of the civilizations of the previous World. The region that contains the fashionable
state of Asian country was the realm of multiple empires and dynasties, as well as the Achaemenid; concisely that of Alexander the Great; the Seleucid, the Maurya, the Kushan, the Gupta; the Umayyad Caliphate in its southern regions, the Hindu Shahi, the Ghaznavids, the urban center state, the Mughals, the Durranis, the Sikh Empire, British archipelago Company rule, and last, a people Indian Empire from 1858 to 1947.
Spurred by the Asian country Movement, which wanted land for the Muslims of British Asian country, and election victories in 1946 by the All-India Muslim League, Asian country gained independence in 1947 once the Partition of a people Indian Empire, that awarded separate statehood to its Muslim-majority regions associate degreed was in the midst of unequaled mass migration and loss of life. at first a Dominion of a people Commonwealth, an
Asian country formally wrote its constitution in 1956 and emerged as a declared Muslim republic. In 1971, the exclave of East Pakistan|Bangla Desh|East Pakistan|Asian country|Asian nation} seceded because the new country of Bangladesh once nine-month-long warfare. within the following four decades, the Asian country has been dominated by governments whose descriptions,
though complicated, usually alternated between civilian and military, democratic and authoritarian, comparatively profane and Islamist. Asian country nonappointive a civilian government in 2008, and in 2010 adopted a parliamentary system with periodic elections.
Pakistan could be a regional and middle power nation, and has the world’s sixth-largest standing soldiers. it’s a declared nuclear-weapons state, and is hierarchic amongst the rising and growth-leading economies, with an outsized and rapidly-growing socio-economic class. Pakistan’s political history since independence has been characterized by periods of great economic and military growth similar as those of political and economic instability. it’s associate degree ethnically and lingually various country, with equally various geographics and life.
However, the country continues to face challenges, as well as impoverishment, illiteracy, corruption, and act of terrorism. Asian country could be a member of the United Nations, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Organisation of Muslim Cooperation, the Commonwealth of countries, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, and also the Muslim Military Counter-Terrorism Coalition, and is selected as a significant non-NATO ally by us.